Circular and return migration: What can Serbia learn from EU countries’ experiences?
In the last decades, Serbia has been facing serious demographical challenges. The low rates of natural increase in population combined with the negative net migrations caused depopulation at the state level. This trend is the strongest in rural areas and less developed regions. Circular migration (repeated legal migration of the same person between two or more countries), whose importance has been increasing both globally and in Serbia in the past decade, could lead the way out of this problem.
A Game of Hide and Seek
The asset and income declaration system is a powerful tool for rule of law and anti-corruption efforts. This mechanism works through imposing an obligation on Public Officials. In other words, according to the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the normative framework of the relevant country, public officials’ material or financial benefits – such as properties and income – shall be made available to the competent state authority.
Transparency across public administration reform in Serbia
According to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), transparency refers to an environment in which the objectives of policy, its legal, institutional, and economic framework, as well as policy decisions and all related data and information, are provided to the public in a comprehensible, accessible, and timely manner. In a democratic society, transparency is a fundamental element of good governance which makes public administration more accountable for its work.
Public consultations and policymaking in Serbia
Public consultation is the process employed to involve the public and stakeholders in policymaking. The core values of this process are participation and transparency – in a process open to the public, the competent authorities, together with the target groups and stakeholders, come to policy solutions and define the desired change.
France, the Western Balkans, and the European Union
Although the relations between France and the Western Balkans (WB) have a long history, the intensity of French engagement in this region has varied over time and today there is arguably space for improvement. In fact, after two decades of modest interest in the region, France has recently signalled its intention to intensify its engagement in the Western Balkans.
(Non)transparency as a mirror of (ir)responsibility
Good governance implies governance that focuses on citizens, their well-being and satisfaction. One of the main attributes of good governance is transparency in the work of institutions and the decision-making process, in order to provide the public with timely information about activities and decisions that may have an impact on everyday life.
Do new circumstances change routines?
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak on citizens’ usage of electronic access to administrative services has been limited in the Western Balkans.
What do citizens tell us about administrative services?
Public perceptions from four out of six countries in the Western Balkans suggest that state administration has become more citizen oriented in the past two years.
Equalization of excise burden on strong alcoholic beverages a prerequisite for joining the EU
Five years after the explanatory and bilateral screening, Negotiating Chapter 16, which refers to taxation, has not been open for negotiations. According to the 2016 and 2017 EC reports, the key problem standing in the way of opening the chapter is the unequal excise burden on domestic and imported coffee and strong alcoholic beverages.
The Western Balkans and the COVID-19
This policy brief underscores outstanding issues that emerged during the COVID-19 crisis with possible long-term consequences on the functioning of democracy and rule of law in the six countries of the Western Balkans – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia.